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You can better take care of lymphoma at the time you know the basic facts. This kind of sheet provides information to aid — with facts about lymphoma and its testing, plus questions to ask your physician or nurse and methods to learn more.
Lymphoma is a cancers of the lymphatic system. Your lymphatic program includes tissue and organs such as the spleen and tonsils. In addition, it includes lymphocytes (a type of white bloodstream cell) and small bean-shaped organs named lymph nodes, which help the body fight illness and disease.
When doctors describe lymphoma, they will often use both terms. • Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL): This type of lymphoma looks as being similar to NHL, although there are some variations. People with HL have irregular cells known as Reed-Sternberg (R-S cells). HL is also diverse because it distributes in a more orderly manner than NHL.
The Lymphatic System
This picture shows your lymphatic system, lymph nodes, and bodily organs. Lymph nodes are driven as small groups. There are two sorts of lymphoma: • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL): There are two sorts of NHL, " B-cell lymphoma” and " T-cell lymphoma. ” The two types are again divided into: " Indolent lymphoma” grows gradually. " Hostile lymphoma” increases quickly.
Phases of Lymphoma
Your doctor or perhaps nurse can talk about lymphoma in terms of phases. This is just one way of saying in which your tumor is and if it has propagate. Do not get overly alarmed if your doctor lets you know that you have popular disease, as this is common in NHL and not considered uncommon. Here is what the stages indicate: • Stage I: Tumor cells are in just a single lymph node or place (part of the body). This really is called " early disease. ” • Stage 2: Cancer cells are in two or more lymph nodes or regions AND either previously mentioned or below your diaphragm (muscle between your abdomen and chest). This is called " in your area advanced disease. ” (continued on back)
To learn more, contact:
Lymphoma Study Foundation Affected person Education, Solutions and Support 8800 Venice Blvd., Package 207 La, CA 90034
HELPLINE: 800-500-9976 (toll free) WEB: www.lymphoma.org EMAIL: [email protected] org
Lymphoma Facts (continued)
• Stage III: Tumor cells are on both sides of your diaphragm(above and below). This is certainly called " advanced disease. ” • Stage 4: Cancer cells have spread to one or more of your human body organs (bone, bone marrow, skin, liver, or lungs). This is referred to as " common disease. ”
A sample of bone marrow (the spongy material in your bones) is taken from the hip using a thin hook.
Spinal Tap (lumbar puncture)
Fluid is usually taken from your spine (lower part of your back) utilizing a thin filling device. This is performed only in a few situations.
Categories of Lymphoma
Following your stage, lymphoma is again divided into " A, ” " W, ” or " E” categories with respect to the type of symptoms you have: • A: zero symptoms. • B: symptoms may include: fever, chills, nighttime sweats, itchiness, and weight-loss. • Electronic: your lymphoma has spread from a lymph node directly to an organ.
A large machine (like a great x-ray) will take pictures of the body from many perspectives. This reveals doctors the place that the lymphoma tumors are within your body.
This kind of test uses magnets and radio ocean to show whether lymphoma has spread to your anxious system or perhaps other body system organs.
Assessments for Lymphoma
You are likely to have sufficient tests throughout your course of treatment. These kinds of help doctors diagnose lymphoma and see if this has spread. Here are several of the assessments:
This type of search within shows just how well your heart muscle mass is doing work.
PET Check out
This type of search within shows doctors if certain lymph nodes still have the illness.
Tissues cells will be taken out which has a needle or perhaps by surgery.
This test uses radiation to take pictures in the inside of your body.
Blood is definitely taken from your arm through a thin hook. Doctors then simply look at your red blood cells, white-colored blood cellular material, and bloodstream platelets under a microscope.
Modified April 2005
Lymphoma Treatment options
Your doctor or perhaps...
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